THE TEN COMMANDMENTS *And* THE BOOK OF THE LAW

WERE THE TWO LAWS GIVEN IN THE WILDERNESS TO ISRAEL!

 

1. The Book of the Law ABOLISHED In Ephesians 2:15

Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, [even] the law of

commandments [contained] in ordinances; for to make in himself of

twain one new man, [so] making peace;

 

2.  The Ten Commandment Law ESTABLISHED in Romans 3:31

Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we

establish the law.

 

Can the same law be abolished by Christ and at the same time be

established by faith in Christ?  Of course not! 

 

The New Testament scriptures show that there were definitely two laws

recognized at that time -

 

 One Law having fulfilled its purpose ended at the death of Christ,

(The Mosaic Law) while the other Law (The Ten Commandments)is still,

as Paul stated, "holy, just and good" and gives us the knowledge of sin:

 

Romans 3:20  Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be

justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.

 

The one is a perfect law (The Ten Commandments) by which we are judged :

 

James 2:10-12  For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend

in one [point], he is guilty of all. For he that said, Do not commit

adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet

if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. So speak ye,

and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.

 

A law of liberty

 

James 1:23-25  For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he

is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass: For he

beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what

manner of man he was.  But whoso looketh into the perfect law of

liberty, and continueth [therein], he being not a forgetful hearer,

but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.

 

The other (The Mosaic Law) was called a yoke of bondage :

 

Galatians 5:1-5  Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ

hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of

bondage. Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised,

Christ shall profit you nothing.  For I testify again to every man

that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.  Christ

is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the

law; ye are fallen from grace.  For we through the Spirit wait for the

hope of righteousness by faith.

 

Paul does not contradict himself, but recognized that there were two

laws given, one at Mt. Sinai and the other at Moab - the first by

the voice of Yahweh and the other by Moses.

 

The perfect law of liberty is the TEN COMMANDMENTS. It is a

Satanic deception to teach that Jesus abolished the Ten Commandments.

Many honest souls have been taught this error. The purpose of this

writing is to show that it was the "law of commandments, contained in

ordinances" found in the Book of the Law of Moses, and NOT the Ten

Commandments, that were abolished.

 

                    TWO LAWS GIVEN

 

First let us establish the fact from the Bible that there were two

separate laws given in the time of Moses. Let us deal

with the Ten Commandments first.

 

Facts about the Ten Commandments:

 

1. God declared these precepts with a great voice and all the assembly

of Israel heard them.

 

Deuteronomy 4:12  And the LORD spake unto you out of the midst of the

fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only [ye

heard] a voice.

 

Deut 4:13  And he declared unto you HIS COVENANT, which he commanded

you to perform, [even] ten commandments;....

 

Deuteronomy 5:22  These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in

the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick

darkness, with a great voice: and he ADDED NO MORE....

 

2. God wrote the law on two tables of stone with the finger

of God.

 

Exodus 31:18  And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of

communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables

of stone, written with the finger of God.

 

Deut 4:13  And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded

you to perform, [even] ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two

tables of stone.

 

Deuteronomy 5:22  .... And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and

delivered them unto me.

 

Deuteronomy 9:9

When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone,

even the tables of *THE COVENANT* WHICH THE LORD MADE WITH YOU,

then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither

did eat bread nor drink water:

(KJV)

 

Deuteronomy 9:10  And the LORD delivered unto me two tables of stone

written with the finger of God; and on them [was written] according to

all the words, WHICH THE LORD SPAKE with you in the mount out of the

midst of the fire in the day of the assembly.

 

Deuteronomy 10:1-5  At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two

tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the

mount, and make thee an ark of wood. And I will write on the tables

the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, and thou

shalt put them in the ark.  And I made an ark [of] shittim wood, and

hewed two tables of stone like unto the first, and went up into the

mount, having the two tables in mine hand.  And he wrote on the

tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which

the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in

the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me.

 

3. These ten precepts were a complete Covenant - God "added no more";

 

Deuteronomy 5:22  These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in

the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick

darkness, with a great voice: _and he added no more_. And he wrote

them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.

 

 

Exodus 24:12  And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the

mount, and be there: and I will give thee [1] tables of stone,

[2]and a law, [3] and commandments which _I have written_;

that thou mayest teach them.

 

4. Moses himself placed this law covenant, written on two tables of

stone by the finger of God, "in the Arc'

 

Deuteronomy 10:1-2  At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two

tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the

mount, and make thee an ark of wood. And I will write on the tables

the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, _and thou

shalt put them in the ark_

 

Let us summarize the FACTS about the Ten Commandments before we go on

to the other law covenant given at that time.

 

The FACTS concerning the TEN COMMANDMENTS are:

 

1. God declared (spoke) and ALL Israel heard the voice declaring this

law.

 

2. God wrote this Law with HIS own finger on two tables of stone.

 

3. the ten commandments were a complete law, for God "added no more'

 

4. Moses broke the first tables, but God wrote the SAME words on the

SECOND tables of stone.

 

5. Moses placed the second tables of stone in (inside) the Arc as God

commanded him.

 

There we have one law, the Ten Commandments, placed in the Ark by the

hand of Moses after being spoken and then written by God Himself on

two tables of stone.

 

Having established the fact that the Ten Commandments were given by

God without a mediator, that is, He declared them with His own voice

and wrote them on tables of stone, we are ready to give Bible proof that 

"the law of Moses"  is a separate and distinct law "ADDED because of

 transgression," (or sin) of the Ten Commandments.

 

THESE ARE THE FACTS CONCERNING THE LAW OF MOSES

 

Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because

of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was

made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

 

What law was given by Moses?

 

2Chronicles 34:14  And when they brought out the money that was

brought into the house of the LORD, Hilkiah the priest found a _book

of the law of the LORD [given] by Moses_.

 

This is positive proof that it was the "Book of the law" and not the

Ten Commandments, that was given by Moses. The "added' law in Gal 3:19

is called "the BOOK of the law" in Gal 3:10.

 

Galatians 3:10  For as many as are of the works of the law are under

the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth

not in all things which are written in the _book of the law_ to do

them.

 

Deut 27:26 Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of

this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.

 

This "Book of the law" which was "given by Moses" is referred to

throughout Paul's letter to the Churches of Galatia. Remember, it was

this "Book of the law", and NOT the ten Commandments, that Paul was

speaking of in his rebuke for going back to the "works of the law".

 

Galatians 3:2  This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit

by the _works of the law_, or by the hearing of faith?

 

Galatians 3:10  For as many as are of the _works of the law_ are

under the curse:.......

 

This "added" law, called "the book of the law" was called "a

schoolmaster".

 

Galatians 3:23-25  But before faith came, we were kept under the law,

shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.  Wherefore

the _law was our schoolmaster_ [to bring us] unto Christ, that we

might be justified by faith.   But after that faith is come, we are no

longer under _a schoolmaster_.

 

Did God give a law by the hand of Moses?  Yes, He did.

 

The SECOND Covenant Yahweh made

with Israel AFTER THEY BROKE THE FIRST.- not the

original Ten Commandment Covenant.

 

The Mosaic law was a second covenant

(with a second set of tablets) which was made

with Israel before they entered Caanan. 

 

Deut 29:1 

 These are the terms of the covenant the LORD

commanded Moses to make with the Israelites

in Moab, IN ADDITION to the covenant he had made

with them at Horeb.

 

"...the covenant...in Moab...in addition...

 

There were TWO covenants made with Israel -

the first was the Ten Commandments "and he

added no more".  The second was made in Moab

and included the 613 commandments, judgments

and statutes of the Mosaic law.

 

After they worshipped the idol, Yahweh was going to

destroy the Israelites, but Moses begged the Lord

for their forgiveness and the nation was allowed

a reprieve, but with a much stricter set of rules

designed to keep their minds on obedience to

Yahweh's law.  This second covenant was the "yoke

of bondage."

 

Deuteronomy 31:9-11 And _Moses wrote this law_, and delivered it unto

the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of

the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel. And Moses commanded them,

saying, At the end of [every] seven years, in the solemnity of the

year of release, in the feast of tabernacles,   When all Israel is

come to appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall

choose, _thou shalt read this law_ before all Israel in their hearing.

 

Deuteronomy 31:24-26  And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end

of _writing the words of this law in a book_, until they were

finished, That Moses commanded the Levites, which bare the ark of the

covenant of the LORD, saying,  Take this _book of the law_, and _put

it in the side of the ark_ of the covenant of the LORD your God, that

it may be there for a witness against thee.

 

This "book of the law" containing precepts, stautes and law," was

given by the hand of Moses.

 

2Chronicles 34:14  And when they brought out the money that was

brought into the house of the LORD, Hilkiah the priest found a _book

of the law of the LORD [given] by Moses_.

 

John 1:17  For the law was given by Moses...,

 

Let us sum up the FACTS that have been found concerning this Book of

the Law.

 

1. It was declared or spoken to Israel by Moses himself as Mediator

(Ex 24:3, Deut 4:14, Gal 3:19)

 

2. It was written by Moses himself in The Book of the Law".

Deut 31:9, 24-26)

 

3. At the command of Moses, the Levites placed the "Book of the Law"

in the _side_ of the Arc of the covenant. (Deut 31:25,26)

 

Note: this is rendered "by the side", "beside" the arc in other

versions of the Bible. What it means is the book was _not placed

inside_ the Arc as the Ten Commandments were, but were placed

somewhere along the outside of the arc.

 

Let us sum up the FACTS that have been found thus far about these two

laws in contrast.

 

Israel was required to obey TWO laws, the Ten Commandments, "Do

according to all that I (God), have commanded them" and the Book of

the Law, "According to all the law that my servant Moses commanded

them".

 

2Kings 21:8 Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out

of the land which I gave their fathers; only if they will observe to

_do according to all that I have commanded them_, and _according to

all the law that my servant Moses commanded them_

 

Moses placed two tables of stone with the Ten Commandments in the arc

of the covenant (Duet 10:1-5) and the Levites placed the Book of the

Law in the side of the arc of the covenant.

 

The two tables of stone were to be kept within the arc always, but the

Book of the Law was to be read to "all Israel" every seventh year at

the feast of Tabernacles (Deut 31:10-13). Moses was the mediator of

the Old Covenant (Ex 24:1-12) and Israel was commanded to keep the Ten

Commandments and the law of their mediator (Book of the Law), but we

are under the New Covenant, and we no longer have to obey the Law of

Moses; but we have to obey the law of our Mediator, Jesus Christ. We

obey the commandments of God and the testimony or teachings

of Jesus Christ.

 

Revelation 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to

make war with the remnant of her seed, which _keep the commandments of

God_, and _have the testimony of Jesus Christ_.

 

Revelation 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints: here [are] they

_that keep the commandments of God_, and _the faith of Jesus_.

 

The questions that need to be answered at this time are:

1. For what purpose was it given?

2. Why did it end at the cross of Christ?

 

The Bible indeed does give the answers.

 

Paul asked the question,

Galatians 3:19 "Wherefore then [serveth] the law?..."

 

This is what we want to know too -- For what purpose was it given?

Paul is speaking here of "The Book of the Law"

 

Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under

the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth

not in all things which are written in _the book of the law_ to do

them.

 

The purpose of the Ten Commandment law is clearly given in the New

Testament:

 

Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be

justified in his sight: for _by the law [is] the knowledge of sin_.

 

1John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for

_sin is the transgression of the law_.

 

Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay,

_I had not known sin, but by the law_: for I had not known _lust_,

except the _law_ had said, _Thou shalt not covet_.

 

Romans 7:12 Wherefore the law [is] holy, and the commandment holy, and

just, and good.

 

So now why the Mosaic Law?

 

Paul goes on to answer his own question AND ours also:

 

Galatians 3:19 ..... It was _added because of transgressions_, till

the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was]

ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

 

Here we have the key to the whole matter in this one verse of

scripture. First note that this "Book of the Law" was added because of

transgression. Paul says in:

 

Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: _for where no law is,

[there is] no transgression_.

 

And John tells us in his letter:

 

1John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for

_sin is the transgression of the law_.

 

This law referred to here is the Ten Commandments of God which a

transgression of, is sin; and Paul says that this "Book of the Law"

was added because the people were  transgressing God's law, or because

of sin. Remember too, that there could be no transgression if there

was no law. The FACT that this "Book of the Law" was added because of

transgression is proof that the Ten Commandments were already in

existence and this "Book of the Law" was added because of that

transgression. This is another proof of the TWO laws.

 

Were they really transgressing the Ten Commandments?

Yes:  They made and worshipped an idol while Moses was up on the

 mountain with God (Ex 32:1-8).

 

Why did the Mosaic law end at the cross?

This law was given or added "until the seed should come to whom the

promise was made"

 

Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because

of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was

made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

 

The promised seed of Abraham was Christ.

 

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He

saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed,

which is Christ.

 

This "Book of the Law" was only to service until Jesus came. Its

purpose would be ended then. However, the Ten Commandments continue on

because they are still needed to define sin.  And it is sin

which breaks the Covenant in both the Old Testament and the New.

 

One series or code of laws in that Book of the Law regulated the

Priesthood and the offering of animal sacrifices for sin and other

offerings under the old covenant. Paul makes that clear here:

 

Hebrews 7:12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of

necessity a change also of the law.

 

Hebrews 7:27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up

sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this

he did once, when he offered up himself.

 

This law and system of animal sacrifices for sin could not take away

sin, but was a schoolmaster to bring us to Christ that we might be

justified by faith. That law, with the sacrifices, was a type and a

shadow of the one Sacrifice, or death of Jesus, that does take away

sin. When Jesus died the system of animal sacrifices had to end. It

was abolished at the cross.

 

The ABOLISHED code of law found in the Book of the Law

 

Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, [even] the

law of commandments [contained] in ordinances; for to make in himself

of twain one new man, [so] making peace;

 

This Book of the Law also contained the governmental laws of Israel

and the promises under the old covenant. They were the administrative

laws enforcing obedience to the great constitution, or basic law, the

Ten Commandments under a death penalty. Murder, adultery, idolatry,

dishonor of parents, Sabbath desecration and most willful violations

were punished by death under two or more witnesses. Deut 17:1-7; Deut

19:11, 12;  Lev 20:10; Ex 35:2

 

That is why Paul speaks of Moses' ministration as the "Ministration of

death, written and engraved in stones"

 

2Corinthians 3:7 But if the ministration of death, written [and]

engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could

not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his

countenance; which [glory] was to be done away:

 

THE MOSAIC LAW COVENANT WAS GIVEN IN ADDITION TO

THE TEN COMMANDMENT COVENANT:

 

Deut 29:1 

 These are the terms of the covenant the LORD

commanded Moses to make with the Israelites

in Moab, IN ADDITION to the covenant he had made

with them at Horeb.

 

Deuteronomy 27:1 And Moses with the elders of Israel commanded the

people, saying, Keep all the commandments which I command you this

day.

2 And it shall be on the day when ye shall pass over Jordan unto the

land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, that thou shalt set thee up

great stones, and plaister them with plaister:

3 And thou shalt write upon them all the words of this law, when thou

art passed over, that thou mayest go in unto the land which the LORD

thy God giveth thee, a land that floweth with milk and honey; as the

LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee.

4 Therefore it shall be when ye be gone over Jordan, [that] ye shall

set up these stones, which I command you this day, in mount Ebal, and

thou shalt plaister them with plaister.

Deut 27:8 And thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this

law very plainly.

 

Joshua 8:30 Then Joshua built an altar unto the LORD God of Israel in

mount Ebal,

31 As Moses the servant of the LORD commanded the children of Israel,

as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole

stones, over which no man hath lift up [any] iron: and they offered

thereon burnt offerings unto the LORD, and sacrificed peace offerings.

32 And he _wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses_,

which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel.

34 And afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessings and

cursings, according to all that is _written in the book of the law_.

35 There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read

not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the

little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them.

 

Moses' ministration came to an end and Christ's ministration takes its

place. the change of administration did not, however, change God's

perfect law, the Ten Commandments, which services as the great

constitutional law of both the Old and New Testaments. Moses enforced

obedience to the letter under a national penalty law of death. Jesus

enforces obedience from the heart under penalty of death, but

execution is at the judgment of God. (Rom 6:23; 1John 3:15; Rev

20:12-14; Rev 22:14).

 

For an example of the two ministrations in comparison, read John

8:1-11. A woman taken in adultery was brought to Christ by the Scribes

and Pharisees, who wanted to know if they should stone her as Moses in

the law commanded. "What sayest thou?" The answer was, "He that is

without sin among you cast the first stone at her." The result was

that no stones were cast and all her accusers left. To the woman Jesus

said, "Neither do I condemn thee: go, and SIN NO MORE." Under Moses'

law she would have died without mercy, but under Christ she received

forgiveness with the command to "sin no more." While having mercy and

granting pardon Jesus enforces strict obedience to the Ten

Commandments. "Go: and sin no more" recognized and enforced obedience

to the seventh commandment (ex 20:1-17).

 

Paul speaks of the Ten Commandments as "holy, just and good" (Rom

7:7-12).

 

James calls them a perfect law of liberty by which we are to be judged

(James 1:23-25; James 2:10-12).

 

THE TWO LAWS COMPARED

 

  Ten Commandments                         Book of the Law

 

1. Declared by God                         Declared by Moses

    Deut 4:12,13                               Ex 24:3; Deut 1:5; 4:14

 

2. Written by God own finger          Written by Moses

    Deut 9:10                                    Deut 31:9

 

3. Written on two tables of stone    Written in a book

    Deut 4:12,14                               Deut 31:24-26

 

4. A complete law/nothing added    A separate law

   Ex 24:12   Deut 5:22                    2Kings 21:8  2Chron 34:14

 

5. Placed in Ark by Moses              Placed in side of the Arc

    at God's command                      at Moses command by Levites

    Deut 10:1-5                                Deut 31:24-26

 

6. God says..'A law....                    "The law that my servant

    which I have written                    Moses commanded them."

   Ex 24:12                                      2Kings 21:8

 

7. Defines sin                                 Added because of sin or

                                                       transgression

   Rom 3:20                                      Gal 3:19

 

 

8 . Established by  faith             Abolished

      through obedience         

    Rom 3:31, 8:4                       Eph 2:15

 

9. Spiritual                               Carnal

    Rom 7:7,14; 8:4, 14             Heb 9:9,10

 

10. A law of liberty                  A yoke of bondage

    James 2:10-12                   Acts 15:1-11

                                              Gal 5:1-5

 

written by Frank M. Walker  (edited for length

and content by Harold Kupp)